GATA1 is a master regulator of hematopoietic differentiation, but Gata1 expression is inactivated in hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs). Using a bacterial artificial chromosome containing the Gata1 gene modified with green fluorescent protein (GFP) reporter, we explored the function of the 3.7-kb Gata1 upstream region (GdC region) that harbors 3 core cis-elements: Gata1 hematopoietic enhancer, double GATA-motif, and CACCC-motif. Transgenic GFP expression directed by the Gata1-BAC faithfully recapitulated the endogenous Gata1 expression pattern. However, deletion of the GdC-region eliminated reporter expression in all hematopoietic cells. To test whether the combination of the core cis-elements represents the regulatory function of the GdC-region, we replaced the region with a 659-bp minigene that linked the three cis-elements (MG-GFP). The GFP reporter expression directed by the MG-GFP BAC fully recapitulated the erythroid-megakaryocytic Gata1 expression. However, the GFP expression was aberrantly increased in the HSCs and was associated with decreases in DNA methylation and abundant GATA2 binding to the transgenic MG-GFP allele. The 3.2-kb sequences interspaced between the Gata1 hematopoietic enhancer and the double GATA-motif were able to recruit DNA methyltransferase 1, thereby exerting a cis-repressive function in the HSC-like cell line. These results indicate that the 3.2-kb interspacing sequences inactivate Gata1 by maintaining DNA-methylation in the HSCs.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology