The feedback related negativity encodes both social rejection and explicit social expectancy violation

Sai Sun, Rongjun Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Humans consistently make predictions about the valence of future events and use feedback to validate initial predictions. While the valence of outcomes provides utilitarian information, the accuracy of predictions is crucial for future performance adjustment. The feedback related negativity (FRN), identified as a marker of reward prediction error, possibly encodes social rejection and social prediction error. To test this possibility, we used event related potential (ERP) techniques combined with social tasks in which participants were required to make explicit predictions (whether others will accept their "friend request" or not, Experiment 1) or implicit predictions (whether they would like this person or not, Experiment 2) respectively, and then received social feedback. We found that the FRN is sensitive to social rejection and explicit social prediction error in Experiment 1 but not implicit social prediction error in Experiment 2. We conclude that the FRN encodes social rejection and explicit social expectancy violation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number556
JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
Volume8
Issue numberJULY
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jul 29
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anterior cingulate cortex
  • Event-related potential
  • Frn
  • Social prediction error
  • Social rejection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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