The evolution of galaxy size and morphology at z 0.5-3.0 in the goods-N region with Hubble Space Telescope/WFC3 data

Takahiro Morishita, Takashi Ichikawa, Masaru Kajisawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analyze the recently released Hubble Space Telescope/Wide Field Camera 3 IR images in the GOODS-N region to study the formation and evolution of quiescent galaxies (QGs). After examining the reliability of two-dimensional light profiles with artificial galaxies, we obtain the morphological parameters with Sérsic profile of 299 QGs and 1083 star-forming galaxies (SFGs) at z0.5-3.0, finding the evolution of r e and n of massive (M * ≥ 10 10.5 M ) QGs and weaker evolution of SFGs and less massive (M * < 1010.5 M ) QGs. The regression of the size evolution of massive QGs follows with (a factor of 2.2 increases from z2.5 to 0.5), which is consistent with the general picture of the significant size growth. For the further understanding of the evolution scenario, we study the evolution of the Sérsic index, n, and find that massive QGs significantly evolve as with α n = 0.74 ± 0.23 (n 1 at z2.5 to n 4 at z0.5), while those of the other populations are unchanged (n1) over the redshift range. The results in the present study are consistent with both observations and numerical simulations where a gas-poor minor merger is believed to be the main evolution scenario. By taking the connection with less massive QGs and SFGs into account, we discuss the formation and evolution of the massive QGs over "Cosmic High Noon" or the peak of star-formation in the universe.

Original languageEnglish
Article number18
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume785
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Apr 10

Keywords

  • galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD
  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • galaxies: structure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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