The epitope of pmab-210 is located in platelet aggregation-stimulating domain-3 of pig podoplanin

Mika K. Kaneko, Yusuke Sayama, Masato Sano, Yukinari Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Podoplanin (PDPN)/T1alpha/Aggrus, a small mucin-type transmembrane glycoprotein, has been shown to be expressed on lymphatic endothelial cells and epithelial cells of many organs. PDPN is also upregulated in many cancers, and is involved in cancer metastasis and malignant progression. Human PDPN possesses three platelet aggregation-stimulating (PLAG) domains and the PLAG-like domain, which bind to C-type lectin-like receptor-2 (CLEC-2). Previously, we reported a novel antipig PDPN (pPDPN) monoclonal antibody (PMab-210) using Cell-Based Immunization and Screening (CBIS) method. PMab-210 specifically detected pPDPN-overexpressed Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 cells by flow cytometry and Western blot analysis. Immunohistochemical analyses demonstrated that PMab-210 stained pulmonary type I alveolar cells strongly and renal corpuscles weakly in pig or microminipig. However, the specific binding epitope of PMab-210 for pPDPN could not be determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using a series of pPDPN peptides. In this study, deletion mutants or point mutants of pPDPN were produced for analyzing the PMab-210 epitope using flow cytometry. The analysis of deletion mutants showed that N-terminus of PMab-210 epitope exists between 45th amino acid (aa) and 50th aa of pPDPN. In addition, the analysis of point mutants demonstrated that the critical epitope of PMab-210 could include Glu47, Asp48, Tyr49, Thr50, and Val51 of pPDPN, indicating that PMab-210 epitope is located in PLAG3 domain of pPDPN.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-276
Number of pages6
JournalMonoclonal antibodies in immunodiagnosis and immunotherapy
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec

Keywords

  • PMab-210
  • epitope
  • monoclonal antibody
  • pig podoplanin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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