The elicitation step of nickel allergy is promoted in mice by microbe-related substances, including some from oral bacteria

Ling Huang, Masayuki Kimbara, Hiromi Funayama, Haruhiko Takada, Shunji Sugawara, Yasuo Endo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microbial components activate the host's innate immunity via interactions with molecules including TLRs and NODs. We previously reported that in mice (i) Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS; TLR4 agonist) promotes Ni-allergy even in T-cell-deficient mice, (ii) E. coli LPS reduces the minimum allergy-inducing concentrations of Ni at both the sensitization and elicitation steps, and (iii) various microbe-related substances promote sensitization to Ni. Here, we examined the effects of microbe-related substances at the elicitation step. Mice (except for TLR4-mutated C3H/HeJ mice) were sensitized to Ni by intraperitoneal injection of NiCl 2 + E. coli LPS. Ten days later their ear-pinnas were challenged with 1 μM NiCl 2 with or without a test substance. Although NiCl 2 alone at this concentration does not induce Ni-allergy, its combination with the following substances induced Ni-allergy in BALB/c mice: LPS preparations from oral Gram-negative bacteria (Prevotella intermedia and Porphyromonas gingivalis), a mannan preparation from a fungus (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), and synthetic NOD2 and TLR2 agonists. The effect of the mannan preparation was small in C3H/HeJ mice (sensitized with NiCl 2 + the P. intermedia preparation). The P. intermedia preparation promoted Ni-allergy in C3H/HeJ and nude mice, but not in mice deficient in either TLR2 or histidine decarboxylase. Intragingival injection of the P. intermedia preparation and later challenge with NiCl 2 alone to ear-pinnas also promoted Ni-allergy. These results indicate that (i) in Ni-allergy, a microbial milieu or innate immunity is important at the elicitation step, too, and (ii) some oral bacteria may promote Ni-allergy via TLR2-stimulant(s) production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1916-1924
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Immunopharmacology
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Nov 1

Keywords

  • Innate immunity
  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • Mannan
  • Nickel allergy
  • Oral bacteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pharmacology

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