The efficacy of exercise training in kidney transplant recipients: a meta-analysis and systematic review

Hideyo Oguchi, Makoto Tsujita, Masahiko Yazawa, Takehiko Kawaguchi, Junichi Hoshino, Masahiro Kohzuki, Osamu Ito, Kunihiro Yamagata, Yugo Shibagaki, Tadashi Sofue

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5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The effectiveness of exercise in kidney transplant recipients is not well established. We, therefore, performed a systematic review of the effects of exercise training in kidney transplantation recipients. Methods: We searched two electronic databases for articles up to April 2017. Inclusion criteria were as follows: randomized controlled trial and kidney transplant recipients aged 18 years or older. The main outcomes were allograft function (estimated glomerular filtration rate, eGFR), exercise tolerance (VO2 peak), and quality of life (QOL). Results: After screening of 1303 references in PubMed and Ichushi, six randomized control trials were analyzed. For kidney transplant recipients, supervised exercise training was shown to significantly improve VO2 peak [mean difference 2.42; 95% confidence interval (95%CI) 0.22–4.63] and QOL (mean difference 7.23; 95%CI 0.94–13.52). However, exercise training did not improve allograft kidney function (mean difference 6.22; 95%CI − 13.00 to 25.44). No reporting bias was observed in any of the outcomes. There were no reports including patient survival rates and the harm associated with exercise training. Conclusions: Exercise training for kidney transplant recipients significantly improved exercise tolerability and QOL, but a significant improvement was not obtained with respect to allograft kidney function. Evaluation of patient survival rates and the harm associated with exercise training has not been reported, therefore, future studies are needed to resolve these issues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-284
Number of pages10
JournalClinical and experimental nephrology
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Feb 15

Keywords

  • Allograft function
  • Exercise training
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Peak VO
  • QOL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Nephrology
  • Physiology (medical)

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    Oguchi, H., Tsujita, M., Yazawa, M., Kawaguchi, T., Hoshino, J., Kohzuki, M., Ito, O., Yamagata, K., Shibagaki, Y., & Sofue, T. (2019). The efficacy of exercise training in kidney transplant recipients: a meta-analysis and systematic review. Clinical and experimental nephrology, 23(2), 275-284. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10157-018-1633-8