The effects of yttrium element on microstructure and mechanical properties of Mg-5 mass %Al-3 mass % Ca based alloys fabricated by gravity casting and extrusion process

Hyeon Taek Son, Jae Seol Lee, Chang Seog Kang, Jung Chan Bae, Kyosuke Yoshimi, Kouichi Maruyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The as-cast microstructure of Mg-5 Al-3Ca-xY alloy consists of dendritic a-Mg matrix, (Mg, Al)2Ca eutectic phase and Al2Y intermetallic compounds. These two kind of (Mg, Al)2Ca compounds were observed: coarse irregular-shape structure at grain boundary and fine needle-shape structure in the α-Mg matrix grain. This (Mg, Al) 2Ca phase of the extruded alloys was elongated to extrusion direction and size of this phase was refined comparing with that of as-cast alloys because of severe deformation during hot extrusion. Maximum yield and ultimate strength value of extruded alloys was 326 and 331 MPa at Mg-5Al-3Ca-3Y alloy, respectively. From these results, it is conclusively demonstrated that Y additions on Mg-5Al-3Ca alloy nave more ettect to improve mechanical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)945-951
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Transactions
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 May

Keywords

  • Casting
  • Extrusion
  • Magnesium-aluminum-calcium alloys
  • Rare earth element
  • Yttrium (Y)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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