The effects of platelet-derived growth factor-BB on bone marrow stromal cell-mediated vascularized bone regeneration

Maolin Zhang, Wenwen Yu, Kunimichi Niibe, Wenjie Zhang, Hiroshi Egusa, Tingting Tang, Xinquan Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Regenerative medicine for bone tissue mainly depends on efficient recruitment of endogenous or transplanted stem cells to guide bone regeneration. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is a functional factor that has been widely used in tissue regeneration and repair. However, the short half-life of PDGF limits its efficacy, and the mechanism by which PDGF regulates stem cell-based bone regeneration still needs to be elucidated. In this study, we established genetically modified PDGF-B-overexpressing bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) using a lentiviral vector and then explored the mechanism by which PDGF-BB regulates BMSC-based vascularized bone regeneration. Our results demonstrated that PDGF-BB increased osteogenic differentiation but inhibited adipogenic differentiation of BMSCs via the extracellular signal-related kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) signaling pathway. In addition, secreted PDGF-BB significantly enhanced human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) migration and angiogenesis via the phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase (PI3K)/AKT and ERK1/2 signaling pathways. We evaluated the effect of PDGF-B-modified BMSCs on bone regeneration using a critical-sized rat calvarial defect model. Radiography, micro-CT, and histological analyses revealed that PDGF-BB overexpression improved BMSC-mediated angiogenesis and osteogenesis during bone regeneration. These results suggest that PDGF-BB facilitates BMSC-based bone regeneration by enhancing the osteogenic and angiogenic abilities of BMSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3272098
JournalStem Cells International
Volume2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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