The effects of a transverse magnetic field on the dose enhancement of nanoparticles in a proton beam: a Monte Carlo simulation

Mohammadreza Parishan, Reza Faghihi, Noriyuki Kadoya, Keiichi Jingu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


High-Z nanoparticles (NP) as radio-sensitization agents provide the feasibility of dose localization within the tumor in radiotherapy. Dose enhancement of NPs in the presence of a magnetic field (MF) could be challenged when magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) systems are used as an image-guided system. The MF can influence dose enhancement of NPs at their interfaces and surrounding medium and affect their dose deposition behavior. In the TOPAS Monte Carlo code, gold nanoparticle (GNP) and superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle (SPION) were irradiated using 70 and 150 MeV proton beams, in presence of transverse MF strengths with 0, 1, 3, and 7 T. The changes in the liberated secondary electrons from NPs and their dose enhancement ratio (DER), magnetic dose enhancement ratio (MDER), and angular dose distribution in 10 nm shell thicknesses up to 500 nanometers from their centers were measured. The central plane of NPs was considered as a scorer. Its thickness was 2 nm and divided into 6-degree sectors with 10 nm radial length. The dose deposition in this voxelated scorer was calculated. The values of the deposited doses around NPs decrease rapidly while the DERs resulted from the secondary electrons are increased. MDERs are changed within and for 20 and 50 nm radius NPs, respectively. The variation in the angular dose distribution around a singular NP was not considerable when different MF strengths were applied. The dose values in the voxelated central plane show very similar results for the same NPs types in the different MF strengths. The typically used MF in the MRI systems would not considerably affect the energy deposition behavior of the secondary electrons produced in the interaction of proton beam with NPs, at least in the near vicinity of NPs. The DERs of NPs in a water medium resulted from emerged secondary electrons, experience a low degree of perturbation in the presence of an MF. The results of this study show that the NPs as dose enhancement agents can also be used in an MF without pronounced modification in their efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number085002
JournalPhysics in medicine and biology
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Apr 21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


Dive into the research topics of 'The effects of a transverse magnetic field on the dose enhancement of nanoparticles in a proton beam: a Monte Carlo simulation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this