Purpose: Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) often requires a long fluoroscopic time and protection from scatter radiation. This study reports on scatter radiation levels during CRT, with and without additional shielding, and using standard or low pulse rate fluoroscopy. Materials and methods: Additional lead-shielding drape (0.35-mm lead equivalent) was used on the left side of the table and pulsed fluoroscopy was performed at rates of 10 pulses/s (usual rate) and 7.5 pulses/s (low pulse rate). Fluoroscopy scatter radiation was measured for both pulse rates using an acrylic phantom with a radiation survey meter, both with and without the additional lead-shielding drape. Results: With the additional lead-shielding drape, the fluoroscopy scatter radiation was reduced by 74.3% at 10 pulses/s and 78.6% at 7.5 pulses/s. If the fluoroscopy was changed from 10 pulses/s to 7.5 pulses/s, the scattered radiation at the primary physician’s position was reduced by 24.0%. The combined use of additional shielding drape and low pulse rate fluoroscopy reduced scatter radiation by over 80%. Conclusion: Additional lead-shielding drape and low pulse rate fluoroscopy are effective in reducing the scattered radiation dose to physicians and nurses during CRT.
- Additional lead-shielding drape
- CRT procedure
- Low pulse rate fluoroscopy
- Radiation protection
- Scatter radiation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging