Fe-Cr-Co ductile alloys produce magnetic properties comparable to those of Alnico permanent magnets family, up to (BH)max=91.2 kJ/m3(11.4 MGOe). It is technologically known that the addition of Ti to the Fe-Cr-Co alloys extends the α-phase region of system and improves the magnetic properties. The purpose of this work is to study the effect of Ti on microstructures and magnetic properties of Fe-Cr-Co alloys. The microstructures of Fe-25 wt.% Cr-12 wt.% Co alloys with or without Ti melted in air or in vacuum, were studied by optical microscopy, electron probe microanalysis (EPMA), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The alloys without Ti exhibit the precipitates of Cr23C6 carbide and Cr2N nitride a along the grain boundary or inside grain. These carbides and nitrides form the Cr-depleted zone around them. However, the addition of Ti suppressed the formation of Cr-depleted zone, in forming the Ti(C,N), and the magnetic properties are improved.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)