Aluminum-ion batteries are currently regarded as the most promising energy storage batteries. The recent development of aluminum-ion batteries has been greatly promoted based on the use of graphitic carbon materials as a positive electrode. However, it remains unclear whether all carbonaceous materials can achieve excellent electrochemical behaviour similar to graphite. In this study, the correlation between the graphitization degree and capacity of a graphite electrode is systematically investigated for aluminum-ion batteries. The results show that the higher the graphitization degree, the larger the charge/discharge capacity and the better the cycling stability. Moreover, graphite nanoflakes with the highest graphitization degree deliver an initial discharge capacity of 66.5 mA h g-1 at a current density of 100 mA g-1, eventually retaining 66.3 mA h g-1 after 100 cycles with a coulombic efficiency of 96.1% and capacity retention of 99.7%, exhibiting an ultra-stable cycling performance. More importantly, it can be concluded that the discharge capacity of different kinds of graphite materials can be predicted by determining the graphitization degree.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)