In order to establish more reliable formulae for calculating stacking fault energies (SFE) from the chemical compositions of austenitic stainless steels, SFE values were measured for 54 laboratory-melted heats and 2 commercial heats. The results were checked against those of a firstprinciple, atomistic calculation approach. More than ∼20,000 data points for the width and angle of the Burgers vectors were determined from dark-field images of isolated extended dislocations in 56 heats of austenitic stainless steel using weak electron beams with g-3g diffraction conditions. Based on these numerous observations and on fundamental thermodynamic analyses, it is concluded that the SFE values for austenitic stainless steels are changed not only by chemical composition but also by heat treatment. In this paper, new formulae for calculating SFE values from the chemical compositions in three different heat treatment conditions have been proposed for austenitic stainless steels within given limited chemical composition ranges. In these formulae, the SFE values are calculated from the nickel, chromium, molybdenum, silicon, manganese, nitrogen, and carbon contents for the each heat treatment condition. The three heat treatment conditions studied were water cooling after solution heat treating (SHTWC), furnace cooling after solution heat treating, and aging after SHTWC.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science|
|Publication status||Published - 2013 Dec|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys