The effect of an external electric field on the growth of incongruent-melting material

Satoshi Uda, Xinming Huang, Shou Qi Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The significance of an electric field on the crystallization process is differentiated into two consequences; (i) thermodynamic effect and (ii) growth-dynamic effect. The former modifies the chemical potential of the associated phases which changes the equilibrium phase relationship while the latter influences the solute transport, growth kinetics, surface creation and defect generation during growth. The intrinsic electric field generating during growth is attributed to the crystallization-related electromotive force and the thermoelectric power driven by the temperature gradient at the interface which influences the solute transport and solute partitioning. The external electric field was applied to the growth apparatus in the ternary system of La2O3-Ga2O3-SiO2 so that the chemical potential of both solid and liquid phases changed leading to the variation of the equilibrium phase relationship. Imposing a 500 V/cm electric field on the system moved the boundary of primary phase field of lanthanum gallate (LaGaO3) and Ga-bearing lanthanum silicate (La14GaxSi9-xO39-x/2) toward the SiO2 apex by 5 mol% which clearly demonstrated the change of the phase relationship by the external electric field.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Volume275
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Feb 15

Keywords

  • A1. Characterization
  • A2. Czochralski method
  • A2. Growth from melt
  • A2. Single crystal growth
  • B1. Oxides
  • B2 Piezoelectric materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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