TY - JOUR

T1 - The dynamics of elastic closed curves under uniform high pressure

AU - Okabe, Shinya

PY - 2008/12/1

Y1 - 2008/12/1

N2 - We consider the dynamics of an inextensible elastic closed wire in the plane under uniform high pressure. In 1967, Tadjbakhsh and Odeh (J. Math. Anal. Appl. 18:59-74, 1967) posed a variational problem to determine the shape of a buckled elastic ring under uniform pressure. In order to comprehend a dynamics of the wire, we consider the following two mathematical questions: (i) can we construct a gradient flow for the Tadjbakhsh-Odeh functional under the inextensibility condition?; (ii) what is a behavior of the wire governed by the gradient flow near every critical point of the Tadjbakhsh-Odeh variational problem? For (i), first we derive a system of equations which governs the gradient flow, and then, give an affirmative answer to (i) by solving the system involving fourth order parabolic equations. For (ii), we first prove a stability and instability of each critical point by considering the second variation formula of the Tadjbakhsh-Odeh functional. Moreover, we give a lower bound of its Morse index. Finally we prove a dynamical aspects of the wire near each equilibrium state.

AB - We consider the dynamics of an inextensible elastic closed wire in the plane under uniform high pressure. In 1967, Tadjbakhsh and Odeh (J. Math. Anal. Appl. 18:59-74, 1967) posed a variational problem to determine the shape of a buckled elastic ring under uniform pressure. In order to comprehend a dynamics of the wire, we consider the following two mathematical questions: (i) can we construct a gradient flow for the Tadjbakhsh-Odeh functional under the inextensibility condition?; (ii) what is a behavior of the wire governed by the gradient flow near every critical point of the Tadjbakhsh-Odeh variational problem? For (i), first we derive a system of equations which governs the gradient flow, and then, give an affirmative answer to (i) by solving the system involving fourth order parabolic equations. For (ii), we first prove a stability and instability of each critical point by considering the second variation formula of the Tadjbakhsh-Odeh functional. Moreover, we give a lower bound of its Morse index. Finally we prove a dynamical aspects of the wire near each equilibrium state.

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U2 - 10.1007/s00526-008-0179-0

DO - 10.1007/s00526-008-0179-0

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:51749108199

VL - 33

SP - 493

EP - 521

JO - Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations

JF - Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations

SN - 0944-2669

IS - 4

ER -