The dependence of persistent phosphorescence on annealing temperatures in CaTiO3:Pr3+ nanoparticles prepared by a coprecipitation technique

Xianmin Zhang, Jiahua Zhang, Xinguang Ren, Xiao Jun Wang

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    51 Citations (Scopus)


    Red emitting phosphors of CaTiO3:Pr3+ nanoparticles with size ranging from 6 to 95 nm have been prepared by a coprecipitation technique and structurally characterized by X-ray diffraction, energy dispersive spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The fluorescence and phosphorescence of CaTiO3:Pr3+ nanoparticles as a function of annealing temperature are investigated. It is found that fluorescence intensities monotonously increase with increasing temperature. However, a maximum in phosphorescence with the increase of annealing temperature occurs for the sample prepared at 700 °C. Based on the measurement of fluorescence emission, fluorescence excitation and reflectance spectra as well as time decay patterns of fluorescence and phosphorescence, it is demonstrated that the dependence of fluorescence and phosphorescence on annealing temperature originates from the decrease of surface defects with the increase of temperature.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)393-398
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Solid State Chemistry
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar


    • CaTiO
    • Nanoparticle
    • Phosphorescence
    • Photoluminescence
    • Pr

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
    • Ceramics and Composites
    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
    • Inorganic Chemistry
    • Materials Chemistry

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