The demonstration of significant ferroelectricity in epitaxial Y-doped HfO2 film

Takao Shimizu, Kiliha Katayama, Takanori Kiguchi, Akihiro Akama, Toyohiko J. Konno, Osami Sakata, Hiroshi Funakubo

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167 Citations (Scopus)


Ferroelectricity and Curie temperature are demonstrated for epitaxial Y-doped HfO2 film grown on (110) yttrium oxide-stabilized zirconium oxide (YSZ) single crystal using Sn-doped In2O3 (ITO) as bottom electrodes. The XRD measurements for epitaxial film enabled us to investigate its detailed crystal structure including orientations of the film. The ferroelectricity was confirmed by electric displacement filed-electric filed hysteresis measurement, which revealed saturated polarization of 16 μC/cm2. Estimated spontaneous polarization based on the obtained saturation polarization and the crystal structure analysis was 45 μC/cm2. This value is the first experimental estimations of the spontaneous polarization and is in good agreement with the theoretical value from first principle calculation. Curie temperature was also estimated to be about 450 °C. This study strongly suggests that the HfO2-Based materials are promising for various ferroelectric applications because of their comparable ferroelectric properties including polarization and Curie temperature to conventional ferroelectric materials together with the reported excellent scalability in thickness and compatibility with practical manufacturing processes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number32931
JournalScientific reports
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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