Three independent ASAR interferograms spanning the August 2003 Piton de la Fournaise eruption, reveal a 3 by 3 km asymmetric pattern of range changes centred on the Dolomieu crater northern flank. It corresponds to 30 cm of displacement towards the satellite east of the eruptive fissures and 7 cm away from the satellite west of the fissures. Displacements are caused by dyke emplacement below fissures. We model the deformation using a 3D mixed boundary element method for elastic media. This consists of a dyke defined by six geometric parameters and an overpressure gradient. A neighbourhood algorithm was applied to explore this 7 dimensional parameter space. The best-fit model is a 57* eastward dipping dyke with a base lying around 1520 m a.s.l. The model provides new evidence of the dyke intrusion - related seaward displacements of the volcano eastern flank.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)