The definition of fibrogenic processes in fibroblastic foci of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis based on morphometric quantification of extracellular matrices

Masahiro Yamashita, Kohei Yamauchi, Ryoji Chiba, Noriyuki Iwama, Fumiko Date, Naoko Shibata, Hiroyuki Kumagai, Juha Risteli, Shinobu Sato, Tohru Takahashi, Masao Ono

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Abstract

There is limited information regarding the process of tissue remodeling in fibroblastic foci associated with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. The aim of this study was to identify the different pathologic stages of tissue remodeling in fibroblastic foci based on the histopathologic differences in the glycosaminoglycan distribution and collagen deposition. In addition, we also aimed at clarifying the stage-specific characteristics by taking into consideration the expression pattern of matrix metalloproteinase and angiogenesis. Lung biopsies of 16 patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis were used. The presence of glycosaminoglycans was detected by Alcian blue staining, and type I collagen was detected by immunohistochemical analysis with a primary antibody specific to the cross-linked carboxyterminal telopeptide of type I collagen. The fibroblastic foci characterized by the expression intensity of Alcian blue and telopeptide of type I collagen were divided into 3 groups, namely, Alcian blue+telopeptide of type I collagenweak, Alcian blue+telopeptide of type I collagen+, and Alcian blueweaktelopeptide of type I collagen+; consequently, 3 new stages were defined-stages I, II, and III, respectively. A significant inverse correlation was observed between the area densities of Alcian blue+ and telopeptide of type I collagen+ in fibroblastic foci. Stage I was characterized by the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloprotease-2 in fibroblasts and the overlying epithelium of fibroblastic foci, and also the absence of capillary angiogenesis. In contrast, the expression of these proteins was attenuated in stage III, except for that of matrix metalloproteinase-2 in fibroblasts. In stages II and III, capillary angiogenesis was observed. Lymphangiogenesis was undetected in all the 3 stages. Thus, pathologic staging helps understand the roles of the factors involved in tissue remodeling in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1278-1287
Number of pages10
JournalHuman Pathology
Volume40
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Sep

Keywords

  • Capillary angiogenesis
  • Extracellular matrix
  • Fibroblastic foci
  • Lymphangiogenesis
  • Matrix metalloproteinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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    Yamashita, M., Yamauchi, K., Chiba, R., Iwama, N., Date, F., Shibata, N., Kumagai, H., Risteli, J., Sato, S., Takahashi, T., & Ono, M. (2009). The definition of fibrogenic processes in fibroblastic foci of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis based on morphometric quantification of extracellular matrices. Human Pathology, 40(9), 1278-1287. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humpath.2009.01.014