The DEAH-Box RNA helicase DHX15 activates NF-κB and MAPK signaling downstream of MAVS during antiviral responses

Kenta Mosallanejad, Yusuke Sekine, Seiko Ishikura-Kinoshita, Kazuo Kumagai, Tetsuo Nagano, Atsushi Matsuzawa, Kohsuke Takeda, Isao Naguro, Hidenori Ichijo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


During infection with an RNA virus, the DExD/H-box RNA helicases RIG-I (retinoic acid-inducible gene I) and MDA5 (melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5) activate the interferon regulatory factor 3 (IRF3), nuclear factor κB (NF-κB), c-Jun amino-terminal kinase (JNK), and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways through an unknown mechanism involving the adaptor protein MAVS (mitochondrial antiviral signaling). We used a Drosophila misexpression screen to identify DEAH-box polypeptide 15 (DHX15) as an activator of the p38 MAPK pathway. Human DHX15 contributed to the activation of the NF-κB, JNK, and p38 MAPK pathways, but not the IRF3 pathway, in response to the synthetic double-stranded RNA analog poly(I:C) (polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid), and DHX15 was required for optimal cytokine production in response to poly(I:C) and infection with RNA virus. DHX15 physically interacted with MAVS and mediated the MAVS-dependent activation of the NF-κB and MAPK pathways. Furthermore, DHX15 was required for poly(I:C)- and RNA virus-dependent, MAVS-mediated apoptosis. Thus, our findings indicate that, in RIG-I-like receptor signaling, DHX15 specifically stimulates the NF-κB and MAPK pathways downstream of MAVS and contributes to MAVS-mediated cytokine production and apoptosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberra40
JournalScience Signaling
Issue number323
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Apr 29
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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