The combined effects of dietary proteins and fish oil on cholesterol metabolism in rats of different ages

Yong Soon Choi, Ikuo Ikeda, Michihiro Sugano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Male Sprague-Dawley rats at the ages of four weeks and nine months were fed purified diets containing 20% proteins either as casein (CAS), milk whey protein (WHY), or soybean protein (SOY) with 5% sardine oil for four weeks. The hypocholesterolemic effect of SOY was not statistically evident as compared to milk proteins at both ages, although serum cholesterol tended to be low in the SOY groups. A significant agedependent increase in serum cholesterol was observed in all dietary groups. Liver cholesterol concentrations were comparable in young rats, whereas in adults they were significantly lower in the SOY than in the CAS or WHY groups. At both ages, the activity of liver 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase tended to be higher in the SOY than in the other groups. Fecal steroid excretion was significantly higher in rats fed SOY than those fed either CAS or WHY, especially in adult rats. Significant age- and dietary protein-effects were observed in fatty acid profiles of liver microsomal phospholipids. Thus, the effects of dietary proteins on various lipid parameters were essentially maintained even when fish oil served as the source of dietary fat.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)506-510
Number of pages5
JournalLipids
Volume24
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1989 Jun
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Cell Biology

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