Minami, N., Imai, Y., Abe, K., Munakata, M., Sakurada, T., Yamamoto, M., Yoshida, K., Sekino, H. and Yoshinaga, K. The Circadian Variation of Blood Pressure and Heart Rate in Patients with Hyperthyroidism. Tohoku J. Exp. Med., 1989, 159 (3), 185-193-The circadian variation of blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) was examined in 18 normal subjects, 15 patients with essential hypertension treated with β-blockers and 21 patients with hyperthyroidism. Most of the patients with hyperthyroidism were also treated with β-blockers. The 24 hr BP was measured with an ambulatory blood pressure monitoring device (UBP-100) every 5min. A nocturnal fall in BP and HR was observed in the patients with essential hypertension treated with β-blockers and the patients with mild to moderate hyperthyroidism as well as normal subjects. On the other hand, in patients with severe hyperthyroidism the nocturnal fall was observed in HR alone, and the fall was small in its amplitude. There was a significant negative correlation between triiodothyronine (T3) level and percentage amplitude of the nocturnal fall in systolic BP (n=21, r=-0.5, p<0.01). However, this relation was not significant in diastolic BP and HR. These results indicate that excess thyroid hormone may modulate the circadian variation of BP and HR.
- ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
- circadian rhythm
- heart rate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)