We examined the immunotherapeutic ability of activated B cells which hound to anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody (mAb) to enhance antitumor T cell immunity in vivo. A flow cytometric analysis revealed that LPS (lipopolysaccharide)-activated B cells (LPS blasts) expressed Fc receptor (FcR) which can bind to anti-CD3 mAb, LPS blasts were also stained with CTLA-4Ig, which can bind to costimulation molecules with high affinity, which suggested that LPS blasts expressed costimulation molecules on their surface. In an in vitro. assay, T cells remarkably proliferated in the presence of LPS blasts and soluble anti-CD3 mAb, whereas this proliferation was blocked by the addition of CTLA-4Ig. In a model of metastasis established by the intravenous inoculation of melanoma cells, the in vivo administration of LPS blasts incubated with anti-CD3 mAb and followed by treatment with polyethylene glycol, to reinforce the binding, induced a low but significant antitumor activity against melanoma. The antitumor activity induced by the in vivo administration of LPS blasts which bound to anti-CD3 mAb was also detected in the spontaneously established model of metastasis. These results therefore suggest that the in vivo administration of activated B cells which bound to anti-CD3 mAb was able to enhance the antitumor T cell response against metastatic melanoma.
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