The amino-terminal region of toll-like receptor 4 is essential for binding to MD-2 and receptor translocation to the cell surface

Takeshi Fujimoto, Soh Yamazaki, Akiko Eto-Kimura, Koichiro Takeshige, Tatsushi Muta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and MD-2 are pivotal components that elicit inflammatory responses to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). They have been shown to form a physical complex on the cell surface that responds directly to LPS. However, the functional region of TLR4 required for association with MD-2 and LPS responsiveness is poorly understood. To identify the region of TLR4, we created a series of mutants with deletions in the extracellular domain and examined their activities in human embryonic kidney 293 cells. A mutant with a 317-amino acid deletion from the membrane proximal region of TLR4 was capable of associating with MD-2, while only a 9-amino acid truncation of the N terminus severely impaired the interaction. The association between the two molecules was well correlated with TLR4 maturation into an endoglycosidase H-resistant form and the cell surface expression. Mouse MD-2 bound to human TLR4, but its activity to facilitate the cell surface expression of TLR4 and confer LPS responsiveness was much weaker than that of human MD-2, indicating species specificity. A chimeric receptor composed of the N-terminal region of human TLR4 and the adjacent region of mouse TLR4 showed preference for human MD-2 in its transport to the cell surface and responsiveness to LPS. Taken together, the N-terminal region of TLR4 is essential for association with MD-2, which is required for the cell surface expression and hence the responsiveness to LPS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47431-47437
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Nov 12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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