The abundance of potassium in the Earth's core

Kosui Watanabe, Eiji Ohtani, Seiji Kamada, Tatsuya Sakamaki, Masaaki Miyahara, Yoshinori Ito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We studied partitioning of potassium (K) between aluminosilicate (adularia, KAlSi3O8) and metals with and without light elements, oxygen and silicon (Fe-O, Fe-Si, and pure Fe metals). We conducted experiments at pressures up to 50GPa, temperatures up to 3500K, and oxygen fugacities (log fO2) between 2.5 and 4.0 log units below the iron-wüstite (IW) buffer using a double-sided laser-heated diamond anvil cell. Our results on pressure, temperature, and compositional effects on partition coefficient of potassium, DK (i.e., the content of potassium in metal [wt%] divided by the content of potassium in silicate [wt%]), revealed that the temperature effect is slightly positive but weaker than that reported previously, whereas the pressure effect is negative. Oxygen in metal increases the potassium content in metal, whereas silicon in metal has the opposite effect. According to the present study on potassium partitioning, we estimated that the amount of potassium in the core is less than 40ppm and that it generates less than 0.17TW heat in the core. The amount of heat generated in the core is very small compared with the heat escaping from the core at the core-mantle boundary (5-15TW).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-72
Number of pages8
JournalPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
Volume237
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Dec 1

Keywords

  • Earth's core
  • High pressure
  • High temperature
  • Magma ocean
  • Partition coefficient
  • Potassium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Geophysics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

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