5- to 6-member ring enlargements of 3-oxa-2-silacyclopentylmethyl to 4-oxa-3-silacyclohexyl radicals were investigated by EPR spectroscopy and QM computations of model indano-oxasilacyclopentane and oxasilinanyl compounds. Both experimental and computational evidence favored a mechanism via a concerted 1,2-migration of the "tethered" Si-group. Thus, the "forbidden" 1,2-Si-group migration from carbon to carbon becomes allowed when the Si-group is "tethered". The EPR data from 3-oxa-2-silacyclopentylmethyl radicals disclosed ground state conformations having semioccupied p-orbitals close to antiperiplanar with respect to their β-Si-C bonds, but indicated Si-hyperconjugation (β-silicon effect) was insignificant in radicals. Kinetic data was obtained by the steady state EPR method for ring enlargement of indano-3-oxa-2-silacyclopentylmethyl radicals. The scope of the novel rearrangement in terms of other ring types and sizes, as well as the analogous 1,2-migration of "tethered" C-centered groups, was explored computationally.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry