Terrestrial biospheric and oceanic CO2 uptakes estimated from long-term measurements of atmospheric CO2 mole fraction, δ13C, and δ(O2/N2) at Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard

Daisuke Goto, Shinji Morimoto, Shigeyuki Ishidoya, Shuji Aoki, Takakiyo Nakazawa

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7 Citations (Scopus)


Systematic observations of CO2 mole fraction, the isotopic ratio δ13C of CO2, and oxygen to nitrogen ratio (δ(O2/N2)) in the atmosphere have been carried out at Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard, since 1991, 1996, and 2001, respectively. The CO2 mole fraction shows a clear seasonal cycle superimposed on a secular increase with an average rate of 2.0 ppm yr−1 for the period of 1996–2013. On the other hand, δ13C and δ(O2/N2) decrease secularly at an average rate of −0.020‰ yr−1 for 1996–2013 and −19.9 per meg yr−1 for 2001–2013, respectively. Based on the observed secular trends of the CO2 mole fraction and δ(O2/N2), the average CO2 uptake during 2001–2013 was estimated to be 1.6 ± 0.8 and 2.3 ± 0.5 GtC yr−1 for the terrestrial biosphere and the ocean, respectively. By using the observed CO2 and δ13C, the corresponding CO2 uptakes of 1.3 ± 0.6 and 2.6 ± 0.5 GtC yr−1 were obtained for the same period. The estimates from the two methods are in good agreement with each other. The terrestrial biospheric CO2 uptake derived by the latter method showed large interannual variability in association with El Niño events. On the other hand, the oceanic uptake increased secularly with less interannual variability during 1996–2013.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1192-1202
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 1


  • carbon dioxide
  • carbon isotope ratio
  • global carbon budget
  • oxygen/nitrogen ratio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Soil Science
  • Forestry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Palaeontology
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Aquatic Science
  • Ecology


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