Tensile and fatigue evaluation of Ti-15Al-33Nb (at.%) and Ti-21Al-29Nb (at.%) alloys for biomedical applications

C. J. Boehlert, C. J. Cowen, C. R. Jaeger, M. Niinomi, T. Akahori

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work the fatigue and tensile behavior of Ti-15Al-33Nb (at.%) and Ti-21Al-29Nb (at.%) was evaluated and compared to that for other titanium-based biomedical implant alloys, in particular Ti-6Al-4V (wt.%). The mechanical properties of interest were fatigue strength, tensile strength, elastic modulus, and elongation-to-failure. Fatigue stress versus life curves were obtained for tests performed at room temperature in air as well as in Ringer's solution at R = 0.1 for maximum stresses between 35% and 90% of the ultimate tensile strength. The results indicated that the fatigue strength and lives and elastic modulus of these alloys is comparable to that for Ti-6Al-4V (wt.%). Considering the data scatter and deformation behavior, the Ringer's solution did not significantly affect the fatigue behavior. Heat treatment reduced the tensile strength and this corresponded to a reduction in the fatigue strength. The tensile strength of the as-processed Ti-Al-Nb alloys was slightly lower than that for Ti-6Al-4V (wt.%), and the Ti-15Al-33Nb (at.%) exhibited lower strengths and higher elongations than Ti-21Al-29Nb. Based on the current results, it is proposed that titanium-aluminum-niobium alloys will be of considerable future interest for biomedical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-275
Number of pages13
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 May 1
EventSelected Papers Presented at the Materials Science and Technology 2004 Meeting: Titanium for Biomedical, Dental, and Healthcare -
Duration: 2004 Sep 262004 Sep 29

Keywords

  • Biomedical implant application
  • Fatigue
  • Microstructure
  • Strength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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