Temporal profile of magnetic resonance angiography and decreased ratio of regulatory T cells after immunological adjuvant administration to mice lacking RNF213, a susceptibility gene for moyamoya disease

Atsushi Kanoke, Miki Fujimura, Kuniyasu Niizuma, Taku Fujimura, Aya Kakizaki, Akira Ito, Hiroyuki Sakata, Mika Sato-Maeda, Shigeo Kure, Teiji Tominaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a chronic, occlusive cerebrovascular disease with an unknown etiology and is characterized by an abnormal vascular network at the base of the brain. Recent studies identified the RNF213 gene (RNF213) as an important susceptibility gene for MMD; however, the mechanisms underlying the RNF213 abnormality related to MMD have not yet been elucidated. We previously reported that Rnf213-deficient mice and Rnf213 p. R4828K knock-in mice did not spontaneously develop MMD, indicating the importance of secondary insults in addition to genetic factors in the pathogenesis of MMD. The most influential secondary insult is considered to be an immunological reaction because RNF213 is predominantly expressed in immunological tissues. Therefore, we herein attempted to evaluate the role of an immunological stimulation as a supplementary insult to the target disruption of RNF213 in the pathophysiology of MMD. Rnf213-deficient mice were treated with strong immunological adjuvants including muramyl dipeptide (MDP)-Lys (L18), and then underwent time-sequential magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) up to 40 weeks of age. The results obtained did not reveal any characteristic finding of MMD, and no significant difference was observed in MRA findings or the anatomy of the circle of Willis between Rnf213-deficient mice and wild-type mice after the administration of MDP-Lys (L18). The ratio of regulatory T cells after the administration of MDP-Lys (L18) was significantly decreased in Rnf213-deficient mice (p<0.01), suggesting the potential role of the RNF213 abnormality in the differentiation of regulatory T cells. Although the mechanisms underlying the development of MMD currently remain unclear, the RNF213 abnormality may compromise immunological self-tolerance, thereby contributing to the development of MMD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalBrain research
Volume1642
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jul 1

Keywords

  • Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)
  • Moyamoya disease
  • Muramyl dipeptide (MDP)-Lys (L18)
  • RNF213
  • Regulatory T cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Temporal profile of magnetic resonance angiography and decreased ratio of regulatory T cells after immunological adjuvant administration to mice lacking RNF213, a susceptibility gene for moyamoya disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this