We detected temporal changes of crustal structure by cross spectrum analyses of seismic waves excited by two artificial explosions that were carried out about one month before and two months after a M6.1 shallow earthquake. Phase spectrum analysis shows that seismic velocity of the upper crust around the focal area of the M6.1 earthquake and Mount Iwate decreased 0.3 - 1.0 % during the three months. Since lager decreases of the seismic velocity were observed at the region close to the focal area and a volcanic pressure source, we conclude that stress change in the upper crust is a most plausible candidate to cause the velocity changes among other candidates. We further apply a coherence analysis to the observed seismic coda to locate regions where short-wavelength heterogeneity temporally changed. The result indicates a possibility of temporal changes of the heterogeneity beneath the volcano, where a magmatic fluid intrusion is inferred.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)