Template-free synthesis of 3D Nb3O7F hierarchical nanostructures and enhanced photocatalytic activities

Zheng Wang, Jungang Hou, Chao Yang, Shuqiang Jiao, Kai Huang, Hongmin Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Single-crystalline niobium oxide fluoride (Nb3O7F) hierarchical nanostructures are firstly prepared via a facile hydrothermal method without using any template or surfactant. The results of scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy showed that the hierarchical morphology of Nb3O7F could be effectively controlled by adjusting the reaction time. Ultraviolet-visible spectra showed that such nanostructures have a narrow absorption peak at around 400 nm compared to Nb2O5. Based on the first-principles plane-wave ultrasoft pseudo potential (USPP) method, the crystal structures of Nb 3O7F was optimally calculated for the total density of states (TDOS) and the partial density of states (PDOS) of Nb, O and F atoms. According to the observations of architectures formation, a possible growth mechanism was proposed to explain the transformation of nanoparticles to hierarchical nanostructures via an Ostwald ripening mechanism followed by self-assembly. In particular, the excellent photocatalytic activity of the Nb3O7F hierarchical nanostructures was confirmed by photodegradation of methylene blue, methyl orange and rhodamine B molecules. This journal is

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3249-3255
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume15
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Mar 7
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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