Temperature-dependent piezoresistivity in an MWCNT/epoxy nanocomposite temperature sensor with ultrahigh performance

Alamusi, Yuan Li, Ning Hu, Liangke Wu, Weifeng Yuan, Christiana Chang, Yaolu Liu, Huiming Ning, Jinhua Li, Surina, Satoshi Atobe, Hisao Fukunaga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


A temperature sensor was fabricated from a polymer nanocomposite with multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) as nanofiller (i.e., MWCNT/epoxy). The electrical resistance and temperature coefficient of resistance (TCR) of the temperature sensor were characterized experimentally. The effects of temperature (within the range 333-373 K) and MWCNT content (within the range 1-5 wt%) were investigated thoroughly. It was found that the resistance increases with increasing temperature and decreasing MWCNT content. However, the resistance change ratio related to the TCR increases with increasing temperature and MWCNT content. The highest value of TCR (0.021 K-1), which was observed in the case of 5 wt% MWCNT, is much higher than those of traditional metals and MWCNT-based temperature sensors. Moreover, the corresponding numerical simulation - conducted to explain the above temperature-dependent piezoresistivity of the nanocomposite temperature sensor - indicated the key role of a temperature-dependent tunneling effect.

Original languageEnglish
Article number455501
Issue number45
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov 15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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