Temperature dependence of Ti deoxidation equilibria of liquid iron in coexistence with Ti3O5' and Ti2O3

Woo Yeol Cha, Takahiro Miki, Yasushi Sasaki, Mitsutaka Hino

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55 Citations (Scopus)


The equilibrium relation between Ti and O in liquid Fe has been measured only at 1 873 K on the condition of various kinds of titanium oxides saturation in our previous paper. The present work deals with the equilibrium between Ti and O in liquid Fe saturated with 'Ti3O5' and Ti 2O3 at 1 823 K and 1 923 K for full understanding temperature dependence. Also, equilibrium phase changes of titanium oxides with various Ti contents in molten Fe have been identified as the equilibrium titanium oxides with electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) pattern analysis technique. The present results have been thermodynamically evaluated combining with previous results on the various thermodynamic values as a function of temperature. The equilibrium constants and the interaction parameters of Wagner's formalism were given as a function of temperature in the present work as follows. Ti2O3(S) = 2Ti+3O. (-10.61, 0.28<mass%Ti<4.89, at 1823K logKTi2O3=-42 940/T + 12.94, (1823K<T<1923K) -9.99, 0.40<mass%Ti<6.22, at 1873K (-9.39, 0.52<mass%Ti<2.79, at 1923K eOTi = -701/T+0.0344, (1 823K<T<1 923K) 'Ti3O5'(s) = 3Ti+5O (-17.50, 0.01<mass%Ti<0.28, at 1823K logK'Ti3O5' = -68280/T +19.95, (1823K<T<1923K) -16.52, 0.006<mass%Ti<0.40, at 1873K -15.56, 0.0045<mass%Ti<0.52, at 1923K eOTi = -701/T+0.0344, (1 823 K<T<1 923K) The Henry constant of Ti in liquid Fe was estimated as a function of temperature. InγTi(l)o=-20 890/T+6.228, (1 823K<7<1 923K) The self-interaction parameter of Ti in liquid Fe was obtained as a function of temperature. eTiTi = 212/T-0.0640, (1 823 K<T<1 923 K) The interaction parameters of Redlich-Kister type polynomial for molten Fe-Ti-O alloy were given as the following values in the present work. 0ΩFe-Ti =-173 600+51.76 T/J, (1 823K<T<1 923 K) 0ΩTi-O=-1 189000+82.00T/J, (1 823 K<7<1 923 K) The estimated results based on Wagner's formalism as well as Darken's quadratic formalism with Redlich-Kister type polynomials agreed well with the experimental results at 1 823 to 1 923 K.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)729-738
Number of pages10
JournalIsij International
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • Electron backscatter diffraction
  • Interaction parameter
  • Phase equilibria
  • Quadratic formalism
  • Redlich-Kister polynomial
  • Thermodynamics
  • Ti deoxidation equilibrium
  • Titanium oxides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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