Development of minimally invasive and site-selective biological temperature sensing is quite important in medical field. This study presents a novel temperature sensing technique based on afterglow and optically-stimulated luminescence (OSL). The dependence of afterglow photoluminescent intensity on the environmental temperature of zirconia (ZrO2) phosphor is examined to validate its use as a sensing probe. In addition, assuming the measurement in deep-part of human body, we have applied the information gathered from our validation to observe OSL from the ZrO2 by irradiation with near-infrared laser through a bone sample. This study demonstrates an alternative medical application of phosphor, and introduces an elemental-technology for the temperature sensing.
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