Temperature and force response characteristics of friction stir welding on invar 36 alloy

Y. Zhao, A. P. Wu, J. L. Ren, Y. S. Sato, H. Kokawa, M. Miyake, D. Y. Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


The temperature and force response during friction stir welding of Invar 36 alloy were investigated by experimental measurement and numerical simulation. The effect of welding parameters was studied. The temperature and force characteristics were roughly discussed. It is indicated that an elevation rotational speed results in increasing temperature and decreasing axial force, whereas rotational speed has no obvious influence on the longitudinal force. An elevation travelling speed produces increasing axial force and longitudinal force, and a decreased trend of temperature out of stir zone centre. Friction stir welding of Invar 36 alloy produced relatively high peak temperatures, high axial and longitudinal forces, and a narrow temperature distribution compared with those of the other reported high melting temperature materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-238
Number of pages7
JournalScience and Technology of Welding and Joining
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Apr 1


  • Force
  • Friction stir welding
  • Invar 36 alloy
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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