Teleseismic P-wave tomography evidence for the Indian lithospheric mantle subducting northward beneath the Qiangtang terrane

Hong Wei Zheng, Ting Dong Li, Rui Gao, Da Peng Zhao, Ri Zheng He

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26 Citations (Scopus)


We have collected all the available arrival time data recorded by the temporary seismic stations from the projects of PASSCAL, INDEPTH-II, INDEPTH-III, HIMNT, WKL and TIBET 973, and phase reports from the International Seismological Center from January 1990 to February 2004 in Tibet and its surrounding areas. In the tomograpbic inversion, we have used 139021 P-wave arrival times from 9649 teleseis'mic events recorded by 305 seismic stations. Our study area covers the southern Ganges plain in India to the northern Tarim basin and Qaidam basin in China. Our tomographic images show that the subducting angles of Indian lithospheric mantle are different under different areas, but their front locations are all beneath the Qiangtang terrane. The tomographic images along 88°E show that the Indian lithospheric mantle is underthrusting northward with a dip angle of about 22° beneath the center of Qiangtang terrane at about 34°N latitude, and its frontier has reached to the deep part of the upper mantle. The tomographic images along a northeasterly profile show that the Indian mantle has nearly horizontally underthrust under the Tibet from Ganges plain to 33°N. Then, the Indian mantle broke off down to the asthenosphere and caused the asthenophere upwelling. A consequence of the asthenophere upwelling was to form a big low-velocity zone beneath the Qiangtang terrane.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1418-1426
Number of pages9
JournalActa Geophysica Sinica
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Sep


  • Indian lithospheric mantle
  • Qiangtang terrane
  • Teleseismic tomography
  • Tibetan plateau

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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