Targeting Nrf2-Antioxidant signalling reverses acquired cabazitaxel resistance in prostate cancer cells

Satoshi Endo, Mina Kawai, Manami Hoshi, Jin Segawa, Mei Fujita, Takuo Matsukawa, Naohiro Fujimoto, Toshiyuki Matsunaga, Akira Ikari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Prostate cancer is known to have a relatively good prognosis, but long-Term hormone therapy can lead to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Cabazitaxel, a second-generation taxane, has been used for the CRPC treatment, but its tolerance is an urgent problem to be solved. In this study, to elucidate the acquisition mechanism of the cabazitaxel-resistance, we established cabazitaxel-resistant prostate cancer 22Rv1 (Cab-R) cells, which exhibited ∼sevenfold higher LD50 against cabazitaxel than the parental 22Rv1 cells. Cab-R cells showed marked increases in nuclear accumulation of NF-E2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) and expression of Nrf2-inducible antioxidant enzymes compared to 22Rv1 cells, suggesting that Nrf2 signalling is homeostatically activated in Cab-R cells. The cabazitaxel sensitivity of Cab-R cells was enhanced by silencing of Nrf2, and that of 22Rv1 cells was reduced by activation of Nrf2. Halofuginone (HF) has been recently identified as a potent Nrf2 synthetic inhibitor, and its treatment of Cab-R cells not only suppressed the Nrf2 signalling by decreasing both nuclear and cytosolic Nrf2 protein levels, but also significantly augmented the cabazitaxel sensitivity. Thus, inhibition of Nrf2 signalling may be effective in overcoming the cabazitaxel resistance in prostate cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-96
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of biochemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Jul 1
Externally publishedYes


  • CRPC
  • Nrf2
  • antioxidant enzymes
  • cabazitaxel resistance
  • halofuginone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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