A DNA fragment containing the photolyase gene was cloned from Halobacterium halobium. The deduced amino acid sequence is highly similar to those of four known photolyases from eubacteria and a eucaryote. The cloned gene expressed in Escherichia coli cells increased the survival of UV-irradiated host cells by photoreactivation. These results indicate that photolyases of eucaryotes, eubacteria, and archaebacteria are derived from a common origin. In this cloned DNA fragment, two additional open reading frames (ORFs), ORF 151 and ORF 200, were found in the 5' and 3' adjacent flanking regions of the photolyase gene. ORF 200 shows unequivocal amino acid sequence homology to all known manganese and iron superoxide dismutases. Northern (RNA) hybridization analysis of H. halobium RNA revealed the existence of three transcripts, one of which covered all three ORFs, indicating that photolyase and superoxide dismutase are partly cotranscribed in this bacterium.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology