We investigate systematically the quark-hadron mixed phase in dense stellar matter and its influence on compact star structures. The properties of quark matter and hadronic matter are fixed based on various model predictions. Beside adopting constant values, the surface tension ς for the quark-hadron interface is estimated with the multiple reflection expansion method and equivparticle model. To fix the structures of quark-hadron pasta phases, a continuous dimensionality of the structure is adopted as proposed by Ravenhall et al. The corresponding properties of hybrid stars are then obtained and confronted with pulsar observations. It is found that the correlation between radius and tidal deformability in traditional neutron stars preserves in hybrid stars. For those permitted by pulsar observations, in almost all cases, the quark phase persists inside the most massive compact stars. The quark-hadron interface plays an important role in hybrid star structures once quark matter emerges. The surface tension ς estimated with various methods increases with density, which predicts stiffer equation of states (EOSs) for the quark-hadron mixed phase and increases the maximum mass of hybrid stars. With or without the emergence of quark matter, the obtained EOSs of hybrid star matter are close to each other at densities nâ‰0.8 fm-3, while larger uncertainty is expected at higher densities.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)