High precision quasi-elastic scattering excitation functions have been measured at energies well below the Coulomb barrier for the reactions of S32 with Pb208, Au197, W186, and Er170. Single-channel and coupled-channels calculations have been performed to extract the diffuseness parameter of the nuclear potential. For the reactions involving near-spherical targets, both theoretical analyses give the same diffuseness parameter. On the other hand, for deformed systems, couplings are important even at deep sub-barrier energies. In general, the effect of couplings is to reduce the diffuseness parameter value extracted from a single-channel potential. Single-channel fits to quasi-elastic scattering data result in a=0.72-0.82 fm, whereas coupled-channels calculations give diffuseness parameters in the range 0.58-0.75 fm.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics