Structural, magnetic, and transport properties of Ni52+xMn 26-xAl22 (1 ≤ x ≤ 5) melt-spun ribbons have been characterized by a variety of experimental techniques. As the composition changed from x = 1 to x = 5, the martensitic transition temperature T 0 [ = (Ms + Af)/2] was found to increase from 277 K to 446 K which was attributed to an increase in the valence electron concentration e/a. In the martensitic state, all the samples demonstrate an anomalous semiconducting behavior of electrical resistivity ρ. This uncommon feature of the transport properties has been ascribed to the existence of a gap (Eg ∼ 0.1 eV) at the Fermi level. A crossover from semiconducting to metallic behavior of ρ observed in the martensitic state of Ni57Mn21Al22 is presumably related to a spin-density wave formation at the Neel temperature TN ≈ 300 K. Analysis of a low-temperature (T < 60 K) part of the resistivity curves and comprehensive magnetic measurements of a Ni57Mn21Al 22 (x ≤ 5) sample provide grounds for the conclusion that the splitting of zero-field cooling and field cooling magnetization curves observed at low temperatures is due to a spin-glass state that is formed below the freezing temperature Tf.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)