The anisotropic magneto-Peltier effect (AMPE) and anomalous Ettingshausen effect (AEE) have been investigated in U-shaped Ni thin films of varying thickness and substrate by means of the lock-in thermography (LIT) method. We have established a procedure to extract pure AMPE and AEE contributions, separated from other thermoelectric effects, for ferromagnetic thin films. The measurements of the magnetic-field-angle θHdependence of the LIT images clearly show that the temperature modulation induced by the AMPE (AEE) in the Ni films varies with the cos2θH(cosθH) pattern, confirming the symmetry of the AMPE (AEE). The systematic LIT measurements using various substrates show that the AMPE-induced temperature modulation decreases with the increase in thermal conductivity of the substrates, whereas the AEE-induced temperature modulation is almost independent of the thermal conductivity, indicating that the heat loss into the substrates plays an important role in determining the magnitude of the AMPE-induced temperature modulation in thin films. Our experimental results were reproduced by numerical calculations based on a two-dimensional finite element method. These findings provide a platform for investigating the AMPE and AEE in thin film devices.
|Publication status||Published - 2018 Sep 15|
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