Systematic detection of Mendelian and non-Mendelian variants associated with retinitis pigmentosa by genome-wide association study

Koji M. Nishiguchi, Fuyuki Miya, Yuka Mori, Kosuke Fujita, Masato Akiyama, Takashi Kamatani, Yoshito Koyanagi, Sato Kota, Toru Takigawa, Shinji Ueno, Misato Tsugita, Hiroshi Kunikata, Katarina Cisarova, Jo Nishino, Akira Murakami, Toshiaki Abe, Yukihide Momozawa, Hiroko Terasaki, Yuko Wada, Koh Hei SonodaCarlo Rivolta, Tatsuro Ishibashi, Tatsuhiko Tsunoda, Motokazu Tsujikawa, Yasuhiro Ikeda, Toru Nakazawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To uncover genetic basis of autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa (ARRP), we applied 2-step genome-wide association study (GWAS) in 640 Japanese patients prescreened with targeted re-sequencing. Meta-GWAS identified three independent peaks at P < 5.0x10-8, all within the major ARRP gene EYS. Two were each tagged by a low frequency variant (allele frequency < 0.05); a known founder Mendelian mutation (c.4957dupA, p.S1653Kfs*2) and a presumably hypomorphic non-synonymous variant (c.2528G>A, p.G843E). c.2528G>A newly solved 7.0% of Japanese ARRP cases, improving genetic diagnosis by 26.8% and simultaneously serving as a new attractive target for genome editing gene therapy. The third peak was tagged by an intronic common variant, representing a novel disease-susceptibility signal. GWAS successfully unraveled genetic causes of a rare “monogenic” disorder for the first time, which provided unexpected insights into significant contribution of non-Mendelian genetic factors and identified a novel high frequency variant directly linked to development of local genome therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish
JournalUnknown Journal
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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