Synthesis of stacked-cup carbon nanotubes in a metal free low temperature system

Yuki Kimura, Joseph A. Nuth, Natasha M. Johnson, Kevin D. Farmer, Kenneth P. Roberts, Syed R. Hussaini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Stacked-cup carbon nanotubes wereeformed by either Fischer-Tropsch type or Haber-Bosch type reactions in a metal free system. Graphite particlescwere used as the catalyst. The samples were heated at 600 °C in a gas mixture of CO;75 Torr, N2 75 Torr and H2 550 Torr for three days. Transmission electron microscope analysis of the catalyst surface at the completion of the experiment recognized the growth of nanotubes. They were 10-50 nm in diameter and ∼1 μm in length. They had a hollow channel of 5-20 nm in the center. The nanotubes may have grown on graphite surfaces by the CO disproportionation reaction and the surface tension of the carbon nucleus may have determined the diameter. Although, generally, the diameter of a carbon nanotube depends on the size of the catalytic particles, the diameter of the nanotubes on graphite particles was independent of the particle size and significantly confined within a narrow range compared with that produced using catalytic amorphous iron-silicate nanoparticles. Therefore, they must have an unknown formation process that is different than the generally accepted mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-10
Number of pages7
JournalNanoscience and Nanotechnology Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb
Externally publishedYes


  • Electron microscopes
  • Fischer-tropsch type reaction
  • Nanotube

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Synthesis of stacked-cup carbon nanotubes in a metal free low temperature system'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this