Synthesis of spinel Li4Mn5O12 with an aid of mechanochemical treatment

Yasumitsu Tanaka, Kibu Chiyo, Fumio Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


A mechanochemically assisted method for synthesizing spinel Li4Mn5O12 has been proposed in this paper. The method involves grinding a mixture of LiOH·H2O and γ-MnO2 in ambient air, followed by heating the ground product. The grinding of the mixture was conducted by using a planetary ball mill, causing their structural changes into amorphous state, which is lithium manganese oxides hydrated (Li-Mn-O·nH2O). The ground product can be crystallized into lithium manganese oxide by heating at about 400°C or more. Heating the ground product at around 600°C for 12 h results in the formation of pure phase of the spinel. Temperature in the heating stage is an important factor in crystallization of the spinel from the amorphous mixture, and heating up to about 600°C is suitable for the formation of pure phase spinel. The product synthesized is very fine powder with mean grain size of 100 nm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-80
Number of pages7
JournalPowder Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2003 May 29


  • Grinding
  • Lithium manganese oxide
  • Mechanochemically assisted synthesis
  • Mechanochemistry
  • Spinel
  • Structural change

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Synthesis of spinel Li4Mn5O12 with an aid of mechanochemical treatment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this