Synthesis of rock-salt type lithium borohydride and its peculiar Li + ion conduction properties

R. Miyazaki, H. Maekawa, H. Takamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The high energy density and excellent cycle performance of lithium ion batteries makes them superior to all other secondary batteries and explains why they are widely used in portable devices. However, because organic liquid electrolytes have a higher operating voltage than aqueous solution, they are used in lithium ion batteries. This comes with the risk of fire due to their flammability. Solid electrolytes are being investigated to find an alternative to organic liquid. However, the nature of the solidsolid point contact at the interface between the electrolyte and electrode or between the electrolyte grains is such that high power density has proven difficult to attain. We develop a new method for the fabrication of a solid electrolyte using LiBH4, known for its super Li+ ion conduction without any grain boundary contribution. The modifications to the conduction pathway achieved by stabilizing the high pressur form of this material provided a new structure with some LiBH4, more suitable to the high rate condition. We synthesized the H.P. form of LiBH4 under ambient pressure by doping LiBH4 with the KI lattice by sintering. The formation of a KI -LiBH4 solid solution was confirmed both macroscopically and microscopically. The obtained sample was shown to be a pure Li+ conductor despite its small Li+ content. This conduction mechanism, where the light doping cation played a major role in ion conduction, was termed the "Parasitic ConductionMechanism." This mechanism made it possible to synthesize a new ion conductor and is expected to have enormous potential in the search for newbattery materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number056109
JournalAPL Materials
Volume2
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 May

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)

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