The synthesis of functionalized phenanthrene derivatives was achieved by intramolecular cyclization utilizing the [1,2]-phospha-Brook rearrangement under Brønsted base catalysis. Treatment of biaryl compounds having an α-ketoester moiety and an alkyne moiety at the 2 and 2′ positions, respectively, with diisopropyl phosphite in the presence of a catalytic amount of phosphazene base P2-tBu provides 9,10-disubstituted phenanthrene derivatives in high yields. This reaction involves the generation of an ester enolate through an umpolung process, that is, addition of diisopropyl phosphite to a keto moiety followed by the [1,2]-phospha-Brook rearrangement, the intramolecular addition to an alkyne, and the [3,3] rearrangement of the allylic phosphate moiety in a consecutive fashion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry