Synthesis of organic-inorganic hybrids of poly (tetramethylene oxide)-calcium silicate and in vitro evaluation of their bioactivity

Mi Young Koh, Güchiro Kawachi, Koichi Kikuta, Masanobu Kamitakahara, Chikara Ohtsuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Bioactive organic-inorganic hybrids can be used as biomaterials for bone substitution because they exhibit osteoconduction and other functions due to their organic components, such as flexibility and bioabsorbability. In this study, we synthesized uniform organic-inorganic hybrids from triethoxysilane-functionalized poly (tetramethylene oxide) (Si-PTMO), tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) and calcium chloride (CaCl2) via the sol-gel process. The starting composition of Si-PTMO/TEOS molar had a weight ratio ranging from 20/80 to 90/10. The CaCl2 concentration was kept constant at a CaCl2/TEOS molar ratio of 0.15. Uniform and transparent hybrids were obtained with a Si-PTMOJTEOS compositional range from 20/80 to 90/10. The potential bioactivity was evaluated by determining the formation of a bone-like apatite layer in simulated body fluid (SBF). Formation of a bone-like apatite layer was observed on the surface of the organic-inorganic hybrids when they were prepared from starting compositions of Si-PTMO/TEOS with weight ratios ranging from 20/80 to 50/50. An appreciable quantity of the calcium silicate is required to produce bioactive organic-inorganic hybrids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)732-737
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Issue number1347
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Nov


  • Apatite-forming ability
  • Organic-inorganic hybrids
  • PTMO
  • Sol-gel process

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Chemistry


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