Synthesis of nanoscale particles of Ta and Nb3Al by homogeneous reduction in liquid ammonia

Hongmin Zhu, Donald R. Sadoway

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


The analysis of metallothermic reduction as an electronically mediated reaction predicted that the particle size of solid product could be reduced if the reaction were conducted in a medium that is a mixed conductor (ionic and electronic). This prediction was confirmed by reacting TaCl5 with sodium, each dissolved in liquid ammonia, to produce tantalum powder having an average particle size over an order of magnitude finer than the micron-sized powders produced commercially today. Metallothermic reduction in a mixed conducting medium has been extended to a multicomponent system in order to synthesize nanosized powder of Nb3Al by co-reduction of NbCl5 and AlCl3 both dissolved in liquid ammonia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2544-2549
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Research
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Sep
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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