Synthesis of mono- and 1,3-diaminocalix[4]arenes via ullmann-type amination and amidation of 1,3-bistriflate esters of calix[4]arenes

Yuka Nakamura, Shinya Tanaka, Ryuichi Serizawa, Naoya Morohashi, Tetsutaro Hattori

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Abstract

Practical methods are described for the preparation of monoamines 4 and 1,3-diamines 5, bearing one or two amino group(s) instead of the hydroxy group(s) at the 28-position or at both the 26- and 28-positions of p-tert-butylcalix[4]arene (1a) and p-tert-butylthiacalix[4]arene (1b), via the Ullmann-type amination or amidation. Thus, the copper-catalyzed or mediated amination of the 1,3-bistriflate ester (2a) of 1a with benzylamine affords either mono(benzylamino) triflate 7a or 1,3-bis(benzylamine) 8 in a high yield, depending on the reaction conditions. On the other hand, the 1,3-bistriflate ester (2b) of 1b resists disubstitution and produces, under stoichiometric conditions, mono(benzylamino) triflate 7b. The disubstitution of 2b is achieved by amidation with tosylamide, giving 1,3-bis(tosylamide) 17b. The hydrogenolysis of the benzylamino moiety of 7a, followed by the hydrolysis of the Tf moiety, affords monoamine 4a, while the hydrogenolysis of 8 affords 1,3-diamine 5a. The amino moiety of 7b can be deprotected under acidic conditions to give, after hydrolysis, monoamine 4b. The hydrolysis of 17b affords 1,3-diamine 5b. The overall yields of compounds 4a, 4b, 5a, and 5b are 72%, 45%, 78%, and 24%, respectively, based on commercially available compounds 1 and are much higher than the ones previously reported in the literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2168-2179
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume76
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry

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